Les rites de naissance chez les Mongols halh. La fermeture/ouverture des corps, des nourritures et du social

Type de publication  Book Chapter
Auteur(s)  Ruhlmann, S.
Titre de l'ouvrage  Miscellanea Asiatica. Mélanges en l’honneur de Françoise Aubin
Editeur(s)  Aigle, Denise; Charleux, Isabelle; Goossaert, Vincent; Hamayon, Roberte
Année  2010
Lieu de publication  Sankt Augustin
Maison d'édition  Institut Monumenta Serica
Pages  225-247
Résumé  

Among Halh Mongols, the body of the pregnant woman is a closed body, con- taining a fetus. At birth, the mother’’s and newborn’’s fragile bodies polluted by the blood of the confinement are regarded as being opened. The clear soup of the birth’’s festive meal is first of all a fortifying element for the weakened bodies, a purifying element for the polluted bodies and a protection against famished spirits. In this a whole Mongolian metaphysical space of opened and closed, pu- rified and polluted, auspicious and inauspicious is made visible. Bodies, closed and opened in turn, are treated by closed and non-closed special foods which also indicate and transform the social status of the mother and her child. This article concerning food rites of the birth is an homage to Françoise Aubin’’s long-standing work on rights, education and socialization of the children of the Mongolian steppes and of the capital, and on alimentation.